GHSGT

Study Guides & Summary of Mathematics Co=
ntent

Please read this list of standards. If
you need a refresher on any of these, the Department of Education Student S=
tudy
Guide for Math is an excellent resource. Go to this website and scroll down=
the
right side of the screen to Student Study Guide. http://public.doe.k12.ga.us/ci_testing.aspx?PageReq=3DCI_TESTING_GHSGT=

Another great resource is http://www.studyguidezone.=
com/ghsgt.htm.

Scroll down to the math section to fi=
nd
notes, examples and problems for the topics.

Another resource is http://www.usatestprep.com. The user name is “ghs” and the password is “newton85.”=
; When you log in, find the scroll d=
own
menu to select Math GHSGT. Here you will find different tests=
for
specific math domains and overall practice tests, along with many other
activities.

**Strand**** 1: Num=
ber
and Computation
(17-19% of the test)**

=
1 Perfo=
rm all
basic mathematical operations on rational numbers (integers, fractions,
decimals)

=
2 Expre=
sses
numbers in equivalent and approximate forms and orders these forms, using
appropriate tools such as calculators (includes fractions, decimals, percen=
t;
scientific notation; square and cube roots, and second and third powers of
whole numbers; approximations of fractions, decimals, and percents).

=
3 Recog=
nizes,
describes, and applies certain patterns for addition and multiplication.

=
4 Selec=
ts and
uses problem-solving strategies and computational tools (mental computation,
calculator, estimation, paper and pencil) to solve simple problems involving
career, consumer, and leisure applications; and evaluates reasonableness of
results.

=
5 Deter=
mines
amounts of money including price, amounts of change, discounts, sales price=
s,
sales tax, interest, and best buy.

=
6 Uses
estimation strategies such as rounding, front-end estimation, clustering,
grouping, adjusting, compensation, and reference point to predict computati=
onal
results.

=
7 Uses
estimation and approximation to check the reasonableness of computational
results.

=
9 Recog=
nizes
appropriate practical situations in which to use and to expect results with
exact and approximate numbers.

~~Strand<=
/b>~~** 2: Data Analysis (19-21% of the t=
est)**

=
10 Uses probability
correctly to predict outcomes of given events, determines the probability o=
f an
event through experiments, and differentiates odds from probability.

=
11 Collects (through=
surveys
and experiments) and organizes data into tables, charts, graphs, and diagra=
ms.

=
12 Organizes informa=
tion
using tables, charts, and a variety of graph types with appropriate labels =
and
scales, and interprets such displays as those found in public media.

=
13 Reads and interpr=
ets
tables, charts, graphs, and diagrams.

=
14 Recognizes a wide
variety of occupational situations in which information is gathered and
displayed, using tables, charts, and graphs.

=
15 Determines the me=
an,
median, mode, and range of data and uses these measures to describe the set=
of
data.

=
16 =
Applies
simple statistical techniques to problem-solving situations.

~~Strand<=
/b>~~** 3:
Measurement and Geometry (32-34% of the t=
est)**

=
18 Estimates measure=
s in
both customary and metric systems.

=
19 Estimates and sol=
ves
problems involving measurement, including selecting appropriate tools such =
as calculator or
mental calculation.

=
20 Applies customary=
or
metric units of measure to determine length, area, volume/capacity,
weight/mass, time, and temperature (includes evaluating reasonableness and
precision of results, and reading different scales).

=
21 Identifies items =
from
real life that are commonly measured in metric, customary, or in both syste=
ms
of units, as well as recognizing the appropriate-sized units to use.

=
22 Identifies and
differentiates between similar and congruent figures and identifies figures
that have been transformed by rotation, reflection, and translation.

=
23 Uses proportions =
to
find missing lengths of sides of similar figures and to enlarge or reduce
figures.

=
24 Solves problems
involving similar figures and scale drawings.

=
25 Graphs points in =
the
coordinate plane, identifies the coordinates, and uses the concept of
coordinates in problem situations, such as reading maps.

=
26 Finds the perimet=
er and
area of plane figures (such as polygons, circles, composite figures) and
surface area and volume of simple solids (such as rectangular prisms, pyram=
ids,
cylinders, cones, spheres).

=
27 Calculates perime=
ter
and area of plane figures; finds appropriate measures of objects and their
models prior to such calculations for basic polygons and circles.

=
29 Identifies lines,
angles, circles, polygons, cylinders, cones, rectangular solids, and sphere=
s in
everyday objects.

=
30 Applies geometric
properties, such as the sum of the angles of a polygon property, percent of
area of a circle determined by the central angle measure in a pie chart, or
parallel sides and angle relations for parallelograms, to practical drawing=
s.

=
31 Draws and measures
angles; determines the number of degrees in the interior angles of geometric
figures, such as right and straight angles, circles, triangles, and
quadrilaterals; and classifies angles (right, acute, obtuse, complementary,
supplementary) and triangles (right, acute, obtuse, scalene, isosceles, and
equilateral).

=
32 Uses the Pythagor=
ean theorem to solve problems (includes selecting appropri=
ate
tools such as the calculator).

=
40 Applies ratios to
similar geometric figures, as in scale drawings, as well as with mixtures a=
nd
compound applications.

=

~~Strand<=
/b>~~** 4:
Algebra
(28-30% of the test)**

=
33 Simplifies expres=
sions
with and without grouping symbols.

=
34 Evaluates simple
algebraic expressions.

=
35 Substitutes known
values in formulas and solves problems with formulas.

=
36 Identifies and ap=
plies
mathematics to practical problems requiring direct and inverse proportions.=

=
37 Translates words =
into
simple algebraic expressions and equations.

=
38 Solves simple
equations, including addition, subtraction, multiplication, division,
proportions, and two-step equations.

=
39 Identifies ratio =
and
proportion as they appear in applied situations and solves proportions for
missing numbers in applied problems.

=
41 Solves linear
inequalities in one variable and graphs the solution set on the number line=
.

=
42 Graphs a linear
equation in two variables.

=
43 Finds the slope a=
nd
intercepts of a graphed line.

=
44 Solves problems t=
hat
involve systems of two linear equations in two variables.